The term has 2 terms –
Janu – means Knee joint, Janu Sandhi is the Sanskrit term for knee joints;
Basti – means to hold (compartment which holds),Vasti or Basti is a term used to describe the urinary bladder in Ayurveda. Urinary bladder is a bag which holds urine for a certain amount of period till it is voided.
Hence, the name JanuBasti is given to the proceduredone on knee joints, where a compartment (cabin or compound like structure) is constructed around the knee joint (front or back, depending on where the site of degeneration or inflammation or injury is present) by using flour of black gram and the pain relieving medicated (herbal) oils are pooled and pooled (retained) in this compartment for a fixed duration of time.
The aim of this treatment is to rejuvenate the knee joints, considered as sandhi Marma in Ayurveda (joint type of vital areas) which measure about three fingers (three angulipramana).
In this procedure the knee joint is bathed with warm medicated oil or freshly prepared herbal decoction. Depending on the condition it can be practiced over both the knee joints or on one knee joint.
Duration of treatment: 30 minutes
It is indicated in the following conditions: